Status of Birds in Nepal

Nepal has a sharp climatic variation from subtropical to alpine within the short span of less than 200km (from north to south). The altitude varies from about 60m above the sea level in the south lowland to 8.848m in the north. Nepal is rich in biodiversity. The country possesses a high biodiversity considering its size.

So far, 867 species of birds have been recorded in Nepal, which are about 8% of the total bird species found worldwide. A total of 35 globally threatened species, 19 near threatened species and 15 restricted-range species are recorded in Nepal. Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis is the only endemic bird of Nepal known so far. Nine species of birds are listed under the protected species by Government of Nepal.

As many as 130 breeding and wintering species (15% of Nepal’s birds) are now considered nationally threatened. Habitat loss is the major threat to 86% of the birds at risk. Hunting, illegal trade and poisoning are other threats to birds in Nepal.

Birds are feathered bipeds. They belong to class Aves and subphylum Vertebrata. The most distinguishing character of birds is the possession of feathers and the forelimbs modified into wings. Birds descended 140 million years ago from the reptilian stock similar to that which produced dinosaurs, a bird-like creature, called Archaeopteryx.

Extinct/Extirpated Birds of Nepal

Species Name

National Status

Habitat

Jungle Bush Quail
Perdicula asiatica
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Dry grass and scrub
Rufous-necked Hornbill
Aceros nipalensis
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Mature broadleaved evergreen forest
Silver-breasted Broadbill
Serilophus lunatus
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Broadleaved evergreen forest
Green Cochoa
Cochoa viridis
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Broadleaved evergreen forest
Red-faced Liocichla
Liocichla phoenicea
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Broadleaved evergreen forest
Black-breasted Parrotbill
Paradoxornis flavirostris
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Dense thickets of reeds, high grass and bamboo
Pink-headed Duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Pools and marshes
White-bellied Heron
Ardea insignis
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century  Rivers in broadleaved foothill forests
Brown Bush Warbler
Bradypterus luteoventris
Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century Undergrowth of bushes and grass in pine forest

Reference:Bird conservation nepal(http://www.birdlifenepal.org/)

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About Ramchandra

Hello! I am Ramchandra Acharya. I am veterinary student at institute of agriculture and animal science(IAAS) Rampur,chitwan. Currently i am the member of Nepal Veterinary Students Association. My favorite subject are immunology ,pharmacology,pathology. I also enjoy the clinical aspect of veterinary medicine and discussion of subject related matter with peers. Apart from this i love blogging ,making new friends and sharing knowledge.

Posted on June 23, 2013, in natural world and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 4 Comments.

  1. Anand Chaudhary

    I hope you have permission to use that picture from BCN, because I certainly did not give permission for that Himalayan Griffon picture.

  2. Thank you for your good response.actually i have given credit for using such pecious picture.

  3. Wonderful information. Please be careful what photos you use though. You could run into some issues, even if you give credit.

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