“Youth Migration: Moving Development Forward” – International Youth Day, August 12th, 2013
“It is important to emphasize the positive contribution young migrants make to societies of origin, transit and destination – economically and by enriching the social and cultural fabric. Most work hard to earn a living and improve their circumstances. The remittances they send to support families in their home countries are a major contributor to economies worldwide.”
-Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
In today’s increasingly globalized and interconnected world in which more people migrate than ever before in human history, young migrants between 15 and 24 have become powerful agents of change and development. By mid-2010, the total number of migrant youth was estimated at 27 million, representing an eighth of the 214 million international migrants in the world today.
Young migrants, either alone or accompanied by family members, leave their homes for different reasons. Some leave in search of jobs, others to flee persecution.
On International Youth Day 2013, which has as its theme “Youth Migration: Moving Development Forward”, IOM highlights the importance of engaging, enabling and empowering youth to fulfil their development potential. Migration continues to be the greatest poverty reduction strategy, presenting both challenges and opportunities for young people.
“As the number of young people migrating through both regular and irregular channels has risen, safe and regular migration must be promoted to reduce the risks of exploitation and abuse. Sharing information on migration options is essential, because it increases awareness and enables young people to make well-informed decisions,” says IOM Director General William Lacy Swing.
It is essential that youth are aware of the risks and opportunities of migration, that their voices are heard throughout all parts of society, and that they are empowered to influence their own lives and frame their futures – wherever this may be. In today’s increasingly globalized and interconnected world, youth represent the most interconnected generation of all
Youth Migration in Nepal: lack of opportunity still fueling youth migration
Citing better employment and education opportunities, many young people have been leaving the country for greener pastures year after year.
Thousands of young people migrate each day, leaving behind spouses, children and family in the pursuit of a better life. According to a press release issued by Association of Youth Organizations Nepal (AYON), the figure stands at an average of 1500 youths departing for employment each day. The government’s statistics also states that excluding India, there are 3 million young people working and studying abroad.
A recent report of World Bank cites that Nepal is the sixth largest recipient of remittance in terms of percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The volume of remittance inflow also puts Nepal as the fourth largest in South Asia
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